Sydney is the largest and most populous city in Australia and the state capital of New South Wales. Sydney is located on Australia’s south-east coast of the Tasman Sea. Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising a cosmopolitan and international population of people from numerous places around the world.
The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet as a penal colony. The city is built on hills surrounding Port Jackson which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge feature prominently. The hinterland of the metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and the coastal regions feature many bays, rivers, inlets and beaches including the famous Bondi Beach. Within the city are many notable parks, including Hyde Park and the Royal Botanic Gardens.
In 2010, Sydney was ranked 7th in Asia and 28th globally for economic innovation in the Innovation Cities Top 100 Index by innovation agency 2thinknow. Sydney also ranks among the top 10 most liveable cities in the world according to Mercer Human Resource Consulting and The Economist.
Sydney has a reputation as an international centre for commerce, arts, fashion, culture, entertainment, music, education and tourism, making it one of GaWC’s Alpha + world cities. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events, including the 1938 British Empire Games, the 2000 Summer Olympics, and the final match of the 2003 Rugby World Cup. The main airport serving Sydney is Sydney (Kingsford Smith) Airport.
Attractions in Sydney: Sydney Harbour Bridge, Sydney Opera House, Luna Park Sydney, Sydney Chinatown, Sydney Mint – One of the oldest public buildings in Australia, Sydney Tower, Sydney Aquarium – located in Darling Harbour, Taronga Zoo, The Gap, Watsons Bay, Bondi Beach, Randwick Racecourse, IMAX Theater, Queen Victoria Building, Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney Monorail, Port Jackson, Chinese Garden of Friendship, Darling Harbour, Fox Studios Australia, Sydney Town Hall, The Rocks, Powerhouse Museum, Sydney central business district, Sydney Observatory, Australian National Maritime Museum, Art Gallery of NSW, Museum of Sydney, Australian Museum, Kings Cross, Sydney Olympic Park, Blue Mountains.
Australia described by a friend: “on a nutshell: Sydney: the busy city. everyone works. everyone wears suits. there are people from every country you could possibly imagine. countries you didn’t even know existed! everything is fast and noisy. like sao paulo, only cleaner. with lots of tourists. Brisbane and the gold coast: very beachy. very warm. no one seems to ever get cold. the sun is always shinning (hence the sunshine coast). Everyone is very chilled. Perth: big yet organised. not too busy, not too calm. not too cold, not too warm. kinda boring, really. but would be nice to live in. not so much to visit. Melbourne: the shopping city. it’s very busy. the shopping is quite amazing. there’s anything you could think of. a lot of local designers. a lot of good food. very european, only newer. Adelaide (where i’m from): when it’s hot, it is HOT. when it’s cold, it is COLD. you’ll go from 45 to 10 degrees at midday in a year. mental. it’s a big small town. lots of old people, lots of churches. no traffic, no tension, no homeless people. nothing like all the other big cities. adelaide is very much a small town. everyone is friendly. shops open late and close early. it is the place people go to retire (or as some locals say, the place people go to die). But there are lots of students. international ones too. Because it isn’t a city people oversea hear of, there isn’t much competition for students, so international students can get into uni easier. It is one of the calmest cities in Australia. Tasmania: it’s cold. there’s nature everywhere. not much to do, but the natural side of it is amazing! if you like camping/being outdoors, that’s where you should be.”