Machu Picchu (maybe on jan/2016)
Machu Picchu (in Quechua Machu Pikchu, “old mountain”), also called “Lost City of the Incas”, is a city well-preserved pre-Columbian, located atop a mountain, 2,400 meters in the valley Urubamba river, Peru current. It was built in the fifteenth century under the orders of Pachacuti. The site is probably the most typical symbol of the Inca Empire, either because of their unique location and geological characteristics, either due to its late discovery in 1911. Only about 30% of the city’s original construction, the rest was rebuilt. The reconstructed areas are easily recognized by the fit between the stones. The original building is made up of larger stones, and fittings with little space between the rocks.
It consists of two main areas: the agricultural terraces and consists mainly of food storage enclosures, and the other urban, which stresses the sacred area with temples, squares and royal tombs.
The layout of the buildings, the excellence of the work and the large number of agricultural terraces are impressive, highlighting the large capacity of that society. In the mountains, temples, houses and cemeteries are distributed in an organized fashion, opening roads and enjoying the space with staircases. According to Inca history, all designed for the passage of the sun god. The place was elevated to the world heritage of UNESCO, has been the subject of concern due to interaction with tourism as one of the most visited historical sites in Peru.
There are several theories about the function of Machu Picchu, and most states accept a settlement that was built with the purpose of supervising the economy of the conquered regions and the secret purpose of the refuge Inca ruler and his closest entourage, in case of attack.
By human work and the geographic location, Machu Picchu is considered World Heritage by UNESCO.
Links para montar viagem:
http://www.perurail.com/ TREM http://www.viajenaviagem.com/2012/09/trem-machu-picchu-dicas