Cusco (Cuzco or Cusco in Spanish, or in Quechua Qosqo Qusqu) is a city located in southeastern Huatanay Valley or Sacred Valley of the Incas in the Andes, with a population of 300,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of the department of Cusco and the province of Cusco.
Cusco is a very high city (3400 meters in altitude). His name means “navel” in Quechua language. It was the most important administrative and cultural center of the Tawantinsuyo, or Inca Empire. Legends attribute the founding of Cusco to the Inca Manco Capac XI or XII century. The granite walls of the Inca palace are still there, as well as landmarks such as the Korikancha, or Temple of the Sun.
After the end of the empire in 1532, the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, invaded and sacked the city. Most of the buildings were razed by the Incas Catholic clergy with the dual aim of destroying the Inca civilization and build with bricks and stones of the new Christian churches and other administrative buildings of the rulers, thereby imposing its alleged European superiority.
Most buildings built after the conquest are of Spanish influence with a mix of Inca architecture, including the church of Santa Clara and San Blas. Often, Spanish buildings are juxtaposed on the massive stone walls built by the Incas.
Interestingly, the great earthquake of 1950, destroying a building of the Dominican Fathers, stated that this had been built over the Temple of the Sun, which curiously resisted firmly the earthquake.
This would have been the second time that construction of the Dominicans had been destroyed, and the first time out in 1650 when the Spanish construction was very different.
Other examples of Inca architecture are: the fortress of Machu Picchu which is at the end of the Inca Road, Ollantaytambo fortress and the fortress of Sacsayhuaman which is approximately two kilometers from Cusco.
The surrounding area, located in the valley of Huatanay has a strong agriculture with the cultivation of corn, barley, quinoa, tea and coffee, and gold mining.
>>Movie: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wQXyJk4o3LI The Emperor’s New Groove