Well, What can I say about Agra? It is located at the banks of river Yamuna, in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India, 363 kilometres (226 mi) west of state capital, Lucknow and 200 kilometres (124 mi) south from national capital New Delhi. With a population of 1,686,976 (2010 est.), it is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. Because 80 percent of the city’s sewage flows into Yamuna River, it is 20th most polluted city in India. Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city.
The city finds mention in the epic Mahābhārata where it was called Agrevaṇa, or ‘the border of the forest’. Legend ascribes the founding of the city to Rājā Badal Singh (around 1475), whose fort, Badalgarh, stood on or near the site of the present Fort. However, the 11th century Persian poet Mas’ūd Sa’d Salmān writes of a desperate assault on the fortress of Agra, then held by the Shāhī King Jayapala, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. Sultan Sikandar Lodī was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in the year 1506; he died in 1517 and his son Ibrāhīm Lodī remained in power there for nine more years, finally being defeated at theBattle of Panipat in 1526. It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658 and remains a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which areUNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.It was recently announced as one of New Seven Wonders of the World in a celebration in Lisbon on July 7, 2007.
The work was done between 1630 and 1652 with a force of about 20,000 men, brought several Eastern cities, to work insumptuous white marble monument to the emperor Shah Jahanhad it built in memory of his favorite wife, Aryumand BanuBegam, whom he called Mumtaz Mahal (“the jewel of the Palace”). She died after giving birth to 14th child, and the TajMahal was built over his grave by the river Yamuna.
Thus, the Taj Mahal is also known as the greatest proof of love in the world, with inscriptions taken from the Koran. It is inlaid withsemiprecious stones such as lapis lazuli and others. The domeis sewn with gold thread. The building is flanked by two mosquesand surrounded by four minarets.
It is assumed that the emperor intended to make for himself areplica of the original Taj Mahal in the river, black marble, but was deposed before the start of work by one of his children.