Arquivo da categoria: Germany (Deutschland)
28.01.2012: Our trip started in Munich and we went to Füssen with train. For the portuguese speakers this link explains exactly how to take the train: http://www.viajenaviagem.com/2010/12/passo-a-passo-como-ir-de-munique-ao-castelo-de-neuschwanstein/.
Füssen is a town in Bavaria, in the district of Ostallgäu, situated 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north from the Austrian border. It has a population of 14,631. The town is known for its violinmaking industry and looks likea city of fairytale, you have a privileged view of the Swiss Alps and houses which look more like Dollhouses, in addition the village is home to two of the most important castles built in the nineteenth century: Hohenschwangau (in the first picture) and Neuschwanstein (in the second picture).
Hohenschwangau is a 19th-century palace in southern Germany. It was the childhood residence of King Ludwig II of Bavaria and was built by his father, King Maximilian II of Bavaria. It is located in the German village of Hohenschwangau near the town of Füssen.
Neuschwanstein is a nineteenth-century Romanesque Revival palace on a rugged hill above the village of Hohenschwangau near Füssen in southwest Bavaria, Germany. The palace was commissioned by Ludwig II of Bavariaas a retreat and as an homage to Richard Wagner. Ludwig paid for the palace out of his personal fortune and by means of extensive borrowing, rather than Bavarian public funds.
The palace was intended as a personal refuge for the reclusive king, but it was opened to the paying public immediately after his death in 1886. Since then more than 61 million people have visited Neuschwanstein Castle. More than 1.3 million people visit annually, with as many as 6,000 per day in the summer.The palace has appeared prominently in several movies and was the inspiration for Disneyland‘s Sleeping Beauty Castle and later, similar structures.
Freiburg im Breisgau (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁaɪ̯bʊʁk ʔɪm ˈbʁaɪ̯sɡaʊ̯]; Alemannic: Friburg im Brisgau [ˈfʁiːb̥əg̊];French: Fribourg-en-Brisgau) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany with a population of about 230,000 people. In the south-west of the country, it straddles the Dreisam river, at the foot of the Schlossberg. Historically, the city has acted as the hub of the Breisgau region on the western edge of the Black Forest in the Upper Rhine Plain. One of the famous old German university towns, and archiepiscopal seat, Freiburg was incorporated in the early twelfth century and developed into a major commercial, intellectual, and ecclesiastical center of the upper Rhine region. The city is known for its medieval minster and Renaissance university, as well as for its high standard of living and advanced environmental practices. The city is situated in the heart of a major wine-growing region and serves as the primary tourist entry point to the scenic beauty of the Black Forest. According to meteorological statistics, the city is the sunniest and warmest in Germany and holds the all-time German temperature record of 40.2 °C (104.4 °F)
The Allgäu is a southern German region in Swabia. It covers the south of Bavarian Swabia and southeastern Baden-Württemberg. The region stretches from the prealpine lands up to the Alps. The main rivers flowing through the Allgäu are the Lech and Iller. Allgäu is not an administrative unit.
It is sub-divided into the following regions:
- Oberallgäu (in Bavarian Swabia, in the state of Bavaria)
- Unterallgäu (in Bavarian Swabia, in the state of Bavaria)
- Ostallgäu (in Bavarian Swabia, in the state of Bavaria)
- Westallgäu (mainly in Upper Swabia in the state of Baden-Württemberg, but also a very small part in Bavaria)
The Allgovian area is notable for its beautiful landscapes and is popular for vacations and therapeutic stays. It is well known in Germany for its farm produce, especially dairy products including Hirtenkäse (“herdsman’s cheese”) and Bergkäse, which is also produced across the borders in Austria and Switzerland. Besides tourism and dairyproducts the building of industrial equipment and machines is an important factor of economy. Fendt tractors, developed and produced in Marktoberdorf are one of the most famous products of the region.
“Allgovia” is occasionally used as a synonym for the region. The alpine regions of the Allgäu rise over 2,000 metres in altitude and are popular for winter skiing. The world-renowned castle of Neuschwanstein is in the eastern part of the Allgäu.
The Allgäu is dominated in the south by the Allgäu Alps, which are not part of the Allgäu themselves. The Allgäu is formed by mainly glaciers and glacial debris. A lot of hills and lakes are remains of former glaciers.
We spent one night in the Allgäu region, so I definitely want to go back. In the hotel where we slept, there was a restaurant, where I tasted Maultasch for the first time. In Swabia, Maultaschen are the traditional dish associated with the Lenten commemoration of Maundy Thursday and Good Friday. During Lent,Catholics and other Christians are encouraged to refrain from eating meat. However, in a moment of German irony and humour, Maultaschen are associated with these days because the meat in the dish is concealed under the pasta dough and cannot be seen by God. Among the anecdotal stories regarding the origin of the dish, one claims that Maultaschen were created by the Cistercian monks of Maulbronn Abbey for that purpose. Indeed, a Swabian German nickname for the dish, Herrgottsbescheißerle, means “Little cheaters on God”.
We went to this region to search for snow, because in the end of 2013, there was not so much snow in Germany. We found snow in the ski resorts, but because of our lack of ability, we didn´t try skiing. We played for a while in the snow and then decided to discover a bit of the region. We found some beautiful lakes and some ducks and other animals. Later we tried searching for snow in a higher point. This way we discovered Falkenstein, where the Falkenstein Castle is located. This is a High Middle Ages castle ruin in the Bavarian Alps, near Pfronten. The ruin’s German name is Burg Falkenstein (“Castle Falcon Stone”). At 1,268 m above sea level, it is Germany’s most elevated castle ruin. King Ludwig II of Bavaria purchased the ruin in 1883 and planned to transform the site into a magnificent fairy tale schloß. However, the plans were abandoned upon his death in 1886.
Fortunately, I went to Nürnberg during Christmas time and I could experience the Weihnachtsmarkt. This is the most famous market in the World visited by more than 2 millions every year. Despite being one of the biggest and most famous markets of Germany, Nuremberg is rich in tradition and still manages to remain one of the most authentic German markets.
The oldest market is the Christkindlesmarkt, his first official record is 1628, with a variety of wooden crafts and ornaments, in addition to famous figures made from prunes (Zwetschgenmännchen) and metal angels.
All 180 tents are well appointed, their owners compete each year for the prize of “most decorated Christmas tent”. The winner is awarded a “Zwetschgenmännchen” gold.
The main market is the Christkind, the angel that appears every day in the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) to read the stories around the Christmas tree.
As a souvenir, I bought a bottle of Glühwein (hot wine) and a nice cup, to remember this magical time in Germany.
Dortmund is located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia. Its population of 571,403 (2011) makes it the 8th largest city in Germany. Dortmund is the largest city by area and population in the Ruhr Area, an urban area with some 5.1 million (2011) inhabitants which is the largest urban agglomeration in Germany. Dortmund is also a part of the larger Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region of more than 12 million people.
The river Ruhr flows south of the city, and the small river Emscher flows through the municipal area. The Dortmund-Ems Canal also terminates in the Dortmund Port, which is the largest European canal port, and links Dortmund to the North Sea.
Dortmund is known as Westphalia’s “green metropolis”. Nearly half the municipal territory consists of waterways, woodland, agriculture and green spaces with spacious parks such as Westfalenpark and the Rombergpark. This contrasts with nearly a hundred years of extensive coal mining and steel milling within the city limits. The city has a long tradition of music and theatre. The orchestra was founded in 1887 and is now called Dortmunder Philharmoniker. The first opera house was built in 1904, destroyed in World War II and opened again in 1966 as Opernhaus Dortmund. It is operated byTheater Dortmund together with other locations, including (since 2002) the Konzerthaus Dortmund. The Dortmund U-Tower, which was once a brewery, is now centre of creative industries and the Museum am Ostwall. The city is namesake for the Dortmunder style beer and is home to the Dortmunder Actien Brauerei.
Dortmund is a city of contrasts cultural history tones are set by the churches in the city centre whose towers characterise the skyline of Dortmund. The Reinoldikirche and the Marienkirche are gems of medieval architecture.
The city centre of Dortmund still retains the outline of the medieval city. A ring road marks the former city wall, and the Westen-/Ostenhellweg, part of a medieval salt trading route, is still the major (pedestrian) street bisecting the city centre.
- Reinoldikirche, a Protestant church (built in 1233-1450)
- Petrikirche, a Protestant church (start of construction 1322). It is famous for the huge carved altar (known as “Golden Miracle of Dortmund”), from 1521. It consists of 633 gilt carved oak figures depicting 30 scenes about Easter.
- Marienkirche, a Protestant church originally built in 1170-1200 but rebuilt after World War II. The altar is from 1420.
- St. Peter, Syburg, the oldest church building in the city limits
- Haus Bodelschwingh (13th century), a moated castle
- Haus Dellwig (13th century), a moated castle partly rebuilt in the 17th century. The façade and the steep tower, and two half-timbered buildings, are original.
- Haus Rodenberg (13th century), a moated castle
- Altes Stadthaus, built in 1899 by Friedrich Kullrich
- Wasserschloss Bodelschwingh
- Romberg Park Gatehouse (17th century), once a gatehouse to a moated castle. Now it houses an art gallery.
- U-Tower, former Dortmunder Union brewery, now a museum
- Zollern II/IV Colliery, now part of the Westphalian Industrial Museum and an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage(ERIH)
- Hansa Coking Plant
- Konzerthaus Dortmund
- Opernhaus Dortmund, opera house built in 1966 on the site of the old synagogue which was destroyed by the Nazis in 1938.
- The major art museums include the Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte and the more recent Museum Ostwall.
- DASA, Germany Occupational Health and Safety Exhibition (German: Deutsche Arbeitsschutzausstellung)
- Brewery Museum Dortmund
- Museum of Art and Cultural History
- German National Football Museum
Other important buildings
- Florianturm, (television tower Florian)
- Westfalenstadion: Football ground of Borussia Dortmund, licensed until 2016 under the name Signal Iduna Park
- Close to Westfalenstadion are the Westfalenhallen, a large convention centre, the site of several major conventions, trade fairs, ice-skating competitions, concerts and other major events since the 1950s.
- RWE Tower (100 metre-high skyscraper)
04/11/2013 – 20/12/2013: Bonn, officially the Federal City of Bonn, is a city on the banks of the Rhine River in the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany with a population of 309,869 within its administrative limits. The city is the second official residence of the President of Germany, the Chancellor of Germany, the Bundesrat, and the first official seat of six German federal ministries. Bonn is located in the very south of the Rhine-Ruhr region, the largest metropolitan area of Germany, with over 11 million inhabitants.
Founded in the first century BC as a Roman settlement, Bonn is one of Germany’s oldest cities. From 1597 to 1794, Bonn was the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and residence of the Archbishops and Prince-electors of Cologne. In 1949, the Parliamentary Council drafted and adopted the German constitution, the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany in Bonn. Whilst Berlin was symbolically named the de jure capital, from 1949 to 1990, Bonn was the de facto capital of West Germany. After the Fall of the Iron Curtain, Bonn remained the seat of government of united Germany from 1990 to 1999. In recognition of this, the former capital holds the one-of-a-kind title of Federal City (Bundesstadt).
The two DAX-listed corporations Deutsche Post DHL and Deutsche Telekom are headquartered in Bonn. Besides, the city known as the location of 19 United Nations institutions and the University of Bonn and is the birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven (born 1770).
My time in Bonn was amazing, I finally felt part of german culture and I got the time to visit some tourist attractions too, as Beethoven-Haus (http://www.beethoven-haus-bonn.de/sixcms/detail.php?template=portal_en), Haus der Geschichte (29/11) (http://www.hdg.de/bonn/). I recommend going on spring, because in the Altstadt (old city) there is the blossom of cherry trees.
Tips for south american people: http://www.latiendalatina.de/ where you can buy latin american food
21/12/2013 and 07/02/2014: Frankfurt am Main, commonly known as Frankfurt, is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a population of 687,775 (2012) within its administrative boundaries. The actual urban area has a population of 2,500,000. The city is at the centre of the largerFrankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region which has a population of 5,600,000 and is Germany’s second-largest metropolitan region. Since the enlargement of the European Union in 2013, the geographic centre of the EU is about 40 km (25 mi) east of Frankfurt.
Frankfurt is the largest financial centre in continental Europe and ranks among the world’s leading financial centres. It is home to the European Central Bank, Deutsche Bundesbank, Frankfurt Stock Exchange and several large commercial banks. The European Central Bank is the central bank of the eurozone, consisting of 18 EU member states that have adopted theeuro (€) as their common currency and sole legal tender. The Deutsche Bundesbank is the central bank of Germany and as such part of the European System of Central Banks. The Frankfurt Stock Exchange is one of the world’s largest stock exchanges by market capitalization and accounts for over 90 percent of the turnover in the German market. In 2010, 63 national and 152 international banks had their registered offices in Frankfurt, including the headquarters of the major German banks, notably Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, DZ Bank and KfW, as well as 41 representative offices of international banks.
Frankfurt is therefore considered a global city (alpha world city) as listed by the Loughborough University group’s 2010 inventory. Among global cities it was ranked 10th by the Global Power City Index 2011 and 11th by the Global City Competitiveness Index 2012. Among financial centers it was ranked 8th by the International Financial Centers Development Index 2013 and 9th by the Global Financial Centres Index 2013.
Due to its central location within Germany and Europe, Frankfurt is a major air, rail and highway transport hub. Frankfurt Airport is one of the world’s busiest international airports by passenger traffic and the main hub for Germany’s flag carrierLufthansa, the largest airline in Europe. Frankfurt Central Station is one of the largest terminal stations in Europe and the busiest junction operated by Deutsche Bahn, the German national railway company, with 342 daily trains to domestic and European destinations. Frankfurter Kreuz, the Autobahn interchange close to the airport, is the most heavily used interchange in the EU with approximately 320,000 cars daily.
Frankfurt is also a centre for commerce, culture, education, tourism and web traffic. Messe Frankfurt is one of the world’s largest trade fairs at 578,000 square metres and ten exhibition halls, a central logistics centre and an attached convention centre. Major trade fairs include the Frankfurt Motor Show, the world’s largest motor show, and the Frankfurt Book Fair, the world’s largest book fair. Frankfurt is also home to many cultural and educational institutions including the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University and Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, many museums (e.g. Städel, Naturmuseum Senckenberg,Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Goethe House), and two major botanical gardens, the Palmengarten, which is Germany’s largest, and the Botanical Garden of the Goethe University.
In 2011, the human-resource-consulting firm Mercer ranked Frankfurt as seventh in its annual “Quality of Living” survey of cities around the world. According to The Economist cost of living survey, Frankfurt is Germany’s most expensive city, and the 10th most expensive in the world.
A unique feature of Frankfurt is its significant number of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings in the city center which form theFrankfurt skyline. Frankfurt is one of only a few cities in the European Union that have such a skyline. Because of the city’s skyline, Germans sometimes refer to Frankfurt as “Mainhattan”, a portmanteau of the local Main River and Manhattan.
*Where we stayed: http://www.jugendherberge-frankfurt.de/
BOOKS: The Sorrows of Young Werther – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
09th february 2014:
Leipzig is a city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. It has around 530,000 inhabitants and is the heart of the Central German Metropolitan Region. Leipzig is located about 150 kilometers (93 miles) south of Berlin at the confluence of the White Elster, Pleisse, and Parthe rivers at the southerly end of the North German Plain.
Leipzig has been a trade city since, at least, the time of the Holy Roman Empire, sitting at the intersection of the Via Regia andVia Imperii, two important Medieval trade routes. At one time, Leipzig was one of the major European centers of learning and culture in fields such as music and publishing. After World War II, Leipzig became a major urban center within the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), but its cultural and economic importance declined, despite East Germany being the richest economy in the Soviet Bloc.
Leipzig later played a significant role in instigating the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, through events which took place in and around St. Nicholas Church. Since the reunification of Germany, Leipzig has undergone significant change with the restoration of some historical buildings, the demolition of others, and the development of a modern transport infrastructure. Leipzig today is an economic center in Germany and has a prominent opera house and one of the most modern zoos in Europe. Leipzig is nicknamed as the “Boomtown of eastern Germany” or “Hypezig”.
In December 2013, according to a study by Marktforschungsinstituts GfK, Leipzig was ranked as the most livable city in Germany and is one of the three European cities with the highest quality of living (after Groningen and Kraków). In 2010, Leipzig was included in the top 10 cities to visit by the New York Times, and ranked 39th globally out of 289 cities for innovation in the 4th Innovation Cities Index published by Australian agency 2thinknow. Leipzig is currently listed as Gamma World City.