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The Diary of Anne Frank (German: Das Tagebuch der Anne Frank. In Dutch, the language of the original diary: Het achterhuis – Dagboekbrieven 14 juni 1942-1 augustus 1944. In English: The Diary of a Young Girl, as they say in the book , or The Diary of Anne Frank, as in the movie.) is a diary written by Anne Frank from June 12, 1942 and August 1, 1944 during the Second World War.
Hid with her family and other Jews in Amsterdam during the Nazi occupation in the Netherlands, Anne Frank, with thirteen years old, tells in his diary, the life of this group of people.
On August 4, 1944, agents of the Gestapo arrested all the occupants who were hiding in Amsterdam and took them to various concentration camps. On the same day of the arrest of Anne’s parents, gave her diary to her father Otto Frank Heinrich. Anne Frank died in the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen at the end of February 1945, after her sister had died. The cause of her death was typhus. Although inexpensive and easy measures of prevention were already known, the Nazis left hundreds of thousands of prisoners in their concentration camps, including most Jews died of disease during World War II.
Otto was the only one who survived hidden in a concentration camp. In 1947, the father decided to publish the diary as Anne wanted in life. The diary is at the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation. The Anne Frank Fund (Switzerland) was heir to the rights of the work of Anne Frank. Heinrich’s father Otto Frank died in 1980.
In the preface to the first American edition of the diary, Eleanor Roosevelt described it as one of the greatest and wisest comments of the war and its impact on human being I have ever read. The Ukrainian writer Ilya Ehrenburg later said a voice speaks for six million, the voice not of a sage or a poet, but a little girl as usual. Hillary Rodham Clinton in his speech to the Elie Wiesel Humanitarian Award in 1994, read the diary of Anne Frank and related to contemporary events such as occurred in Sarajevo, Somalia and Rwanda.
After receiving a humanitarian award from the Anne Frank Foundation in 1994, Nelson Mandela drew a crowd in Johannesburg, saying he had read Anne Frank’s diary while in prison and that the book brought him much encouragement. His struggle against Nazism and apartheid, explaining the parallel between the two philosophies: because these beliefs are patently false and they were and always will be challenged by people like Anne Frank, they are on the edge of failure.
The museum is located in Amsterdam: http://www.annefrank.org/en/