Arquivo da categoria: India
Well, What can I say about Agra? It is located at the banks of river Yamuna, in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India, 363 kilometres (226 mi) west of state capital, Lucknow and 200 kilometres (124 mi) south from national capital New Delhi. With a population of 1,686,976 (2010 est.), it is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. Because 80 percent of the city’s sewage flows into Yamuna River, it is 20th most polluted city in India. Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city.
The city finds mention in the epic Mahābhārata where it was called Agrevaṇa, or ‘the border of the forest’. Legend ascribes the founding of the city to Rājā Badal Singh (around 1475), whose fort, Badalgarh, stood on or near the site of the present Fort. However, the 11th century Persian poet Mas’ūd Sa’d Salmān writes of a desperate assault on the fortress of Agra, then held by the Shāhī King Jayapala, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. Sultan Sikandar Lodī was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in the year 1506; he died in 1517 and his son Ibrāhīm Lodī remained in power there for nine more years, finally being defeated at theBattle of Panipat in 1526. It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658 and remains a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which areUNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.It was recently announced as one of New Seven Wonders of the World in a celebration in Lisbon on July 7, 2007.
The work was done between 1630 and 1652 with a force of about 20,000 men, brought several Eastern cities, to work insumptuous white marble monument to the emperor Shah Jahanhad it built in memory of his favorite wife, Aryumand BanuBegam, whom he called Mumtaz Mahal (“the jewel of the Palace”). She died after giving birth to 14th child, and the TajMahal was built over his grave by the river Yamuna.
Thus, the Taj Mahal is also known as the greatest proof of love in the world, with inscriptions taken from the Koran. It is inlaid withsemiprecious stones such as lapis lazuli and others. The domeis sewn with gold thread. The building is flanked by two mosquesand surrounded by four minarets.
It is assumed that the emperor intended to make for himself areplica of the original Taj Mahal in the river, black marble, but was deposed before the start of work by one of his children.
Bombay or Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra state and the largest city in India and the world, with an estimated population of 14 million inhabitants (2009). Mumbai is on the island of Salsette off the western coast of Maharashtra. Its metropolitan area is the third largest in the world with a population of about 22 million inhabitants. The city has a deep natural harbor through which pass half of India’s passenger traffic and a large amount of cargo.
Mumbai is the commercial and entertainment capital of India and houses important financial institutions as the Reserve Bank of India (the Indian central bank), the Bombay Stock Exchange (stock exchange of a city) and the National Stock Exchange of India (other major stock exchange), as well as the mother ofseveral Indian companies. The city attracts migrants from all over the country due to the great business opportunities and therelatively high standard of living. It became, thus, a melting pot ofvarious communities and cultures. Mumbai is in the so-calledBollywood, the Indian film and television.
In 1995, the local government rejected the official version of theEnglish name of the city (Bombay) in favor of the official formमुंबई Marathi, Mumbai transcribed (see the sections ‘Etymology’ and ‘Controversy over the name’ below).
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Jodhpur is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 335 kilometres (208 mi) west from the state capital, Jaipur. It was formerly the seat of a princely state of the same name, the capital of the kingdom known as Marwar. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many palaces, forts and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar desert.
The city is known as the Sun City for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year. It is also referred to as the Blue City due to the blue-painted houses around the Mehrangarh Fort. Jodhpur lies near the geographic centre of Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists. The old city of Jodhpur is surrounded by a thick stone wall. Jodhpur bustling desert city is the second largest in Rajasthan after Jaipur. Rathore Warrior Rao Jodha of founded the Jodhpur City. Jodhpur was founded much before cities of Jaipur , Bikaner and Udaipur.
The Fortress Meherangarh built by the Rathores has a landscape dominating a rocky ridge with the Eight Gates leading out of fortress. This fortress has served as Royal Residency through generations and equally witnessed many wars and invasion. One can experience the lifestyle of royalty in Jodhpur as it still it is the house of Maharaja Gaj Sing and heir to throne Yuvraj Shivraj Singh. One of the magnificent forts ever built in the 19th Century. It is one of the best forts maintained to its best inside out till date. Situated at a hill top of 150 meters height , one can oversee entire Jodhpur city from this fort. It sure has a picturesque view.
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